When the median nerve, which extends from the wrist to the hand, becomes compressed, pain and limited movement results. In this same area is a ligament called the transverse carpal ligament which forms a tunnel for the nerve. When the median nerve is compressed, the area inside the tunnel swells and causes pain. The brain registers this pain and sends messages to the arm, which results in restricted motion.
The symptoms surrounding carpal tunnel syndrome include:
- Pain, numbness, and tingling in the thumb, some fingers, and palm.
- Feeling of tightness
- Difficulty with repetitive motion.
Treatment options include physiotherapy, steroid injections, medications for the nerve, and surgery. The surgical option includes severing the transverse carpal ligament to release the pressure. Studies show positive benefits from acupuncture and physical therapy.
It has been found that the first six weeks of rehabilitation can be critical to the long-term outcomes. Seeing the physiotherapist and complying with the exercising and restrictions is very important.
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